Tyson

Monday, October 10, 2005

China's Problems (research paper)

Abstract

China is a member of the World Trade Organization. The problems are China isn’t ready yet to open its new market to other countries, but WTO forces China to open its markets. I want to discuss the Chinese government is efforts to solve those problems. Government must develop a Labor policy. Government must support Chinese farmers with new technology and better education.

Body

China is a member of the World Trade Organization. China joined the WTO on November 10, 2001.There is an agreement, if China already joined the WTO for 3 years, in the fourth year, China must open markets to other countries .The WTO is forcing China to open new markets for China campaign. Now, the problems are, China isn’t ready yet to open new markets to other countries. There are several facts that proved China isn’t ready to open market. According to Liu Haiquan, deputy head of the planning and financial affairs division of Chinese Ministry of Commerce, “China will fall prey more easily to international market fluctuation than ever before in terms of import because many Chinese importers still lack the caliber of negotiating good prices” (Asia Pulse B, 2005, par.8). He also said “imported commodities might produce a greater negative impact on farmers in China” (Asia Pulse B, 2005, par. 10). This will affect Chinese people like farmers, workers, and importers. They will suffer them because this condition makes them loss their profit in the future, can’t compete in price to sell grocery because they use traditional way; for example, country A will use biotech to grow rice for half year but China still use traditional way to grow rice and it cost 1 year to harvest it. Clearly, Chinese Farmer in alert. Now, who will be responsible for those problems? Both government and Chinese workers must cooperate to solve these problems. Government must support workers. Activists said, “Increasing workers’ protests, however, have alarmed the government and the new rules appear to be an attempt to prevent social unrest” (Miyazaki, 2004, par. 19). What should they do now?

In the China economic crisis, the government must take part in solving the problems

The Chinese Government must change and consider its labor policy. China government should think about the labor policy and try to develop it. It can be used to control and protect Chinese workers. Government must prevent Chinese workers from “escaping” to other country companies. According to Trident and other American companies that use Chinese labors, “it is a way to protect a northwest industry under threat from seafood produced by nations such as China, Thailand, Vietnam, and Chile” (Choy, 2005, par. 5). ”China’s labor standards have created cheap production that is pressuring manufacturers and their treatment of workers across the region” (Miyazaki, 2004, par. 4). According to Charles Bundrant, founder of Trident Company, salaries for Chinese workers are 5 times cheaper than those of workers from his country (Choy, 2005). This shows us how cheap labor in China. Many foreign companies will be seeking to hire Chinese workers because they can reduce salary for workers. On the other hand, foreign companies have chance to make their product cheaper. “More than 532,000 Chinese workers were based overseas by the end of November last year” (Asia Pulse A, 2005, par. 5). If these numbers keep increasing, China will lose their workers and deficit.

The Chinese government will send their labor overseas because they think their worker will get a benefit. “Chinese government will attach greater importance to overseas labor, adding it would simplify approval procedures, strengthen industrial regulation and improve the sector’s business environment” (Asia Pulse A, 2005, par. 7). I think government must consider this action. This action seems like “helping the enemies”. Chinese workers will escape from China because they feel comfortable working with foreign companies. Despite, they already sent lot of Chinese worker, but it still doesn’t have much skilled workers (Asia Pulse A, 2005). Why doesn’t the Chinese government think another ways? I think there must be another way rather than send workers to work for foreign companies. For example, they can hire highly skilled people from other countries to teach Chinese workers, or maybe give a scholarship to Chinese worker to study abroad with agreement. After finished their study, they must worked for Chinese government.

Chinese workers who worked for foreign companies need help. The government must help them. It is because they were treated like a slave (Japan Economic Newswire, 2005). According to Li Qiang, executive director of New York, he told “U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission on Thursday that Chinese workers of U.S.-invested companies earn as little as $60 per month on 14-hour work days, seven days a week. They also live in dormitory rooms with as many as 12 other people and are exposed to dangerous chemicals on the job” (Japan Economic Newswire, 2005, par. 2). Can you imagine if they are inhaling dangerous chemical every day. Dangerous chemical is dangerous and can cause a disease like lung problem or maybe cancer. This is an example of the bad treatment that Chinese workers have gotten. This example tells us, those problems are not just about salary or money, but it also about their life. He also said, “In this case workers have a job, but the conditions they face on constitute a kind of slavery” (Japan Economic Newswire, 2005, par. 4). Li also once worked for a foreign company and it is true (Japan Economic Newswire, 2005). I think it will be a serious problem because this case is about many people. Workers cannot do anything because they don’t have power to rebel and they are just looking for money, but Chinese government can make a new policy about their workers, for example, restrictions for foreign companies if they want to hire Chinese workers, observing, and maybe terminating jobs. On the other hand, actually, Chinese workers must be aware of how this problem will threaten their lives.

More than half of Chinese people work as farmer. The Chinese Government must support Chinese workers with new technology. There are many Chinese farmers who lack skill and knowledge about technology. Zheng, a Chinese farmer, is quoted as complaining about technology. Indirectly, he attacks his government because government cannot provide him with latest technology for his job (Zhao, 2005). Farmers always expect that government will provide new technology for them. “Such a situation not only results in a huge waste of resources, but also drastically increases farming costs, which underlines the need to promote agricultural science and technology among Chinese farmers” (Global News Wire, 2005, pp. 11- 12). According to the author, there should be another way to make Chinese farmers earn more money from technology and science (Global News Wire, 2005). This problem will waste lot of money and time if government cannot provide them with technology equipment. The World Bank also supported Chinese agricultural projects by providing loans. “The World Bank’s board of Executive Directors has approved a loan of US $100 million to China to help finance the Agricultural Technology Transfer Project to develop and test innovative models for agricultural technology generation, transfer and application aimed to generate additional farm income” (Asia Pulse C, 2005, par. 1). The WTO believed that the Chinese government is not seriously solving this problem (Asia Pulse, 2005).

The farmers must get education. Generally, Chinese farmers are poor in education (Global News Wire, 2005). The only way to operate new technological equipment is to give them skill and knowledge. Despite, Chinese farmers have new technology equipment but they don’t know how to operate it. It will not be used. For example, although they have computer with an online system in their home but they don’t know how to operate it. They still cannot predict prices in international markets. I think education and technology are related to each other. They must develop their own ability, not just depend on the government. They can easily be controlled because of lack education (AFP, 2005). The workers can easily controlled by foreign companies; for example, more work but less salary.

In conclusion, the China government must focus on Chinese workers. It’s the only way to change their life.

Bibliography

Agence France Presse (2005, May 29). More than a third of China’s migrant workers join trade unions. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database September 19, 2005.

Asia Pulse (2005a, April 1). Chinese workers set foot on global market. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, September 21, 2005.

Asia Pulse (2005b, May 2). China set to face tougher challenges in foreign trade in 2005. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, August 31, 2005.

Asia Pulse (2005c, May 2). WB offers US$100 MLN loan for Chinese agricultural project. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, September 21, 2005.

Choy, Leng Young (2005, July 16). NW salmon sent to China before reaching U.S. tables. The Seattle Times. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, September 13, 2005.

Global News Wire (2005, June 8). Farmers need to go high-tech. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, September 21, 2005.

Miyazaki (2004, December 5). China’s weak labor standards a threat to workers in Asia – unions. AFX. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, September 27, 2005.

Japan Economic Newswire (2005, April 18). China labor leader slams U.S. firms for ‘slavery’. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, September 21, 2005.

Zhao, Hua (July 12, 2005). Chinese farmers expect more helps, less discrimination from WTO. Xinhua General News Service. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, August 31, 2005.

Thursday, October 06, 2005

Music
Practice Final

Today, globalization is becoming obvious in our eyes. According to Dolfsma (2000, par. 1 “Information technology and the Internet allow musicians to offer their music directly to their 'customers,' and it creates opportunities for new intermediaries to enter the market and offer a mix of new and already known services. It also allows people to buy music conveniently and cheaply, in digital or physical form. Such developments pose a threat to existing intermediaries in this industry such as music publishers, record companies, and retail outlets”. This statement shows the globalization of music. Music is partly going to be affected by impacts of globalization. People use music for a variety of activities, for example, theme song, sport, and relaxation. We can say music is half of our life. Globalization made everything seem easier.

Globalization in music should be under control and fair

We must control the piracy or copy something. I think everybody knows the Internet, although there are some people who don’t know how to use it. At least, people have heard of it. Today, we don’t need to go to a music shop to find CD or DVD. We just download it from the Internet, and even if we don’t have the Internet but we still can buy non-original CDs or counterfeits. Many teenagers do it because it is the easiest way, it’s cheap and it saves time (Silverstone, 2004). I think downloading music is the same like stealing something. We don’t need to pay for it but we own that product; for example, in my country, Indonesia, there is someplace that all markets sold counterfeit CD. The comparison is the original is $10 and the counterfeit costs $0,50. It is almost 20 times, so it will be cause damage for some persons.

Music globalization must be fair. Fair means the owner cannot control the artist; for example, owner must share fair benefit to the artist from the sale of music. According to Lanza (2000, par. 1) “With the music being the highly profitable, capitalist enterprise that it is today, it is no wonder that it is controlled and regulated by a few large conglomerates that exist is today’s world”. I think it better for an artist to be independent, and not use the music record house, although it is impossible.

People said globalization is good and positive, but some says globalization is bad and negative. Slightly we think globalization is good because it causes a lot of advantages, but if we think carefully, globalization is harmful. Globalization will bring positive effects like saving time and being cheaper, but actually globalization is the same as Imperialism (Lanza, 2000). For example, a variety of songs on the Internet are offered to us without pay. On the other hand, we are criminals and it will give loss to the artist. Our freedom has already been colonized by globalization.

In conclusion, to restate my thesis, globalization definitely must be under control and fair, whether from government or artist. I disagree with globalization in music. It will cost lot of negative things.

Dolfsma, W. (2000, May 5). How will the music industry weather the globalization storm?. Retrieved Oct. 5, 2005 from:
http://www.firstmonday.dk/issues/issue5_5/dolfsma/

Lanza, A. (2000). Globalization and Music. Retrieved Oct. 5, 2005 from:
http://www.wowessays.com/dbase/ab4/ios47.shtml

Silverstone, S. (2004, June 21). Music Downloads: Pirates or Customers?. Retrieved Oct. 5, 2005 from:
http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item.jhtml?id=4206&t=innovation

Monday, October 03, 2005

China Problem (Argumentative essay)

Now, China is a member of the World Trade Organization. The WTO is forcing China to open new markets for its China campaign. But the problem is, China isn’t ready yet to open the market with the condition that Liu was quoted as saying; he said that “China will fall prey more easily to international market fluctuation than ever before in terms of import because many Chinese importers still lack the caliber of negotiating good prices” (Asia Pulse, 2005, par. 8). He also said “imported commodities might produce a greater negative impact on the farmers in China” (Asia Pulse, 2005, par. 10). This means that the Chinese economy will be in danger. Now the question is, what should government do to solve the problem?

China’s economy has been in alert; the government must take a more active role in solving the problem.

The government must develop the labor policy. Government must develop its labor policy to control Chinese labor; for example, increase the wage, and guarantee life insurance so workers won’t “escape” to other countries company. According to Trident and other American companies that use Chinese labor, “it is a way to protect a northwest industry under threat from seafood produced by nations such as China, Thailand, Vietnam and Chile” (Choy, 2005, par. 5). Charles Bundrant, founder of Trident Company, says, “Something that would cost us $1 per pound labor here, they get it done for 20 cents in China” (Choy, 2005, par. 4). We see how cheap wages are from Chinese labor. If most of the Chinese workers decide to work in other countries, it will be a huge problem for China. In conclusion, I think if foreign companies use Chinese workers, foreign companies can lower the price and they can win easily with markets from Asia, So the China Government must think twice to prevent this thing.

The government must develop new technology. There are many farmers from China who lack skill and knowledge about technology. Zheng, the Chinese farmer, is a voted as complaining about technology. He said “can’t the develop countries provide the Chinese farmers more latest agricultural technologies and new strains and impose less trade barriers on us?” (Zhao, 2005, par. 10). If the condition like this keeps going, I think the farmer will lose time, money, and energy.

The farmers and workers must get education. They must develop their own ability by thinking critically and creatively, not just depending on the government. "Li said migrant construction workers are often easily exploited, because of their lack of education" (AFP, 2005, par. 6); for example, "according to Ghanaian Chronicle it said that lack of education in China reaching 90%" ( Ghanaian Chronicle, 2005, par 2). They must learn how to operate computers to link with Internet, so they can get accurate information to predict the fluctuation in international market.

In conclusion, I think labor and government must think together to solve the problems. We need more time to learn from the other countries experience.

Agence France Presse (2005, May 29). More than a third of China’s migrant workers join trade unions. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database September 19, 2005.

Asia Pulse (2005, May 2). China set to face tougher challenges in foreign trade in 2005. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, August 31, 2005.

Choy, Leng Young (2005, July 16). NW salmon sent to China before reaching U.S. tables. The Seattle Times. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, September 13, 2005.

Ghanaian Chronicles (2005, August 3). Ghana; Conundrums. African news. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database September 19, 2005

Zhao, Hua (July 12,2005). Chinese farmers expect more helps, less discrimination from WTO. Xinhua General News Service. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, August 31, 2005

Wednesday, September 21, 2005

China Problem (Research Proposal)

I want to discuss China problems in the WTO, especially in trading. I became interested in this problem after I read several articles. Now, China is a member of WTO. WTO is forcing China to open new markets for China campaign. But the problem is, China isn’t ready yet to open the market with the condition that Liu was quoted as saying; he said that “China will fall prey more easily to international market fluctuation than ever before in terms of import because many Chinese importers still lack the caliber of negotiating good prices” (Asia Pulse, 2005, par. 8). He also said “imported commodities might produce a greater negative impact on the farmers in China” (Asia Pulse, 2005, par. 10). This means that the Chinese economy will be in danger. Now the question is, what should government do to solve the problem?

I am planning to write arguments for the statement that I’m interested in. ”China’s economy has been in alert; the government and farmers must take a more active role in solving the problem”.

There are three arguments that I want to write. The government must develop the labor policy; government must prevent local workers “from escaping”. The government must develop new technology, because many farmers waste time, money, and energy. The farmers and workers must get education. The reason is people cannot do anything without education. I think government and farmers/workers must be the most important elements to revitalize China economy in WTO.

Asia Pulse (2005, May 2). China set to face tougher challenges in foreign trade in 2005. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, August 31, 2005.

Tuesday, September 13, 2005

Chinese Farmer in Alert

China is an agricultural country. According to Zhao Hua more than half of the people work as farmers. Now China is facing a foreign market;this meaning that China must do import and export activity. China is new at trading, compared to other countries. On the other hand, Chinese farmers must compete with other farmers from other countries that surely have more skill than Chinese farmers.

The China government must take actions to protect Chinese farmer.

China government no longer can give high tax and quota for foreign products to protect the Chinese farmers, because WTO threatens to dismiss China if it applies trade barriers again. Now, government must think hard to find a way out. I think the government must cut the tax for domestic product, so the Chinese farmers can still compete with foreign countries.

The second action is that the government must give a better education to the new farmers. They must know the condition of the international markets; for example, the price of cucumber is increasing sharply because the stock is decreasing. They must have ability to predict the fluctuation in international markets. They must also know how to deal with the buyers.

The government must support the farmers with a variety of machines with high technology; for example, computer with internet, television, and farm machine that can make everything faster. After the farmers get all, hopefully, the government can release them to compete with other foreign markets.

In conclusion, the government must know that responsibility to protect and take care of the new farmers, not just talk empty words.


Zhao, Hua (July 12, 2005). Chinese farmers expect more helps, less discrimination from WTO. Xinhua General News Service. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, August 31, 2005.

Monday, September 12, 2005

China Challenge in WTO

In the article, ”China set to face tougher challenges in foreign trade in 2005”, the author claims that China will face a tougher challenge in foreign trade in 2005. China must compete with other countries in the WTO. China is a newcomer in the WTO. China joined the WTO on November 10, 2001. The country was required to fully open its prime industries three years after it joined.

I agree with the author when he says “China will face tough challenges in foreign trade in 2005” and when he quotes Liu as saying, “China would retain a larger deficit in service trade this year according to last year".

China must have many problems in WTO because they are required to open their market; this means that China must compete with other countries. First it’s about technology ; we know China is a developing country. China still lacks technology. How can they compete with another country like America and Japan?

China will be on alert in their agricultural aspect. Their farmers will be suffer when the product won’t be sold because the quality of product cannot compete with import product; for example more farmers produce rice than before China joined WTO; this means that China will export and import a product; maybe the rice from Thailand is better and cheaper. This means that people will buy rice from Thailand rather than China. This means that the country will retain a deficit during that time.

The government must think hard to solve this problem; with a population like that there could be a big trouble. For example as in Indonesia, they already placed their market in another country, but they still cannot compete with another country, so finally they got a crisis in 1998; all products became expensive. In fact, this was because they couldn’t compete in price with another country.

In conclusion, I think China will retain a large deficit and my comment is that China needs more time to become strong in WTO.


Asia Pulse (2005, May 2). China set to face tougher challenges in foreign trade in 2005. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, August 31, 2005.

Wednesday, August 31, 2005

DIFFERENT AGE OF GLOBALIZATION

In the article, ”Myths of Globalization”, R. Peters claims that every generation has its own myth; one of them is about globalization. He says that there are two ages of the globalization; first is the ancient age and the other is modern age/today. Peters divides the modern age into two different periods. There is a beginning period, in which many wars happen, and the other is the end period, in which the democracy appear. Furthermore, he also notes the effects of globalization today.

I agree with the author when he says that the phenomenon of globalization is not new and more dangerously , I also agree with his claim that globalization won’t bring a peace.

In the ancient time, there were several countries known as a strong countries like Japan, England, France, and Italy. They colonized weak countries. They solved something with force which is stronger, they’ll lead.

They did not know what money was; they bought something with trading systems. Every country had its own original products; for example China had porcelain and silk, and Greece was known as a law maker (Codex Hammurabi).

Then the World War 2 happened, the Soviet Union collapsed and changed into Russia, and this meant the world entered a different age/became a new phenomenon. They solved the problem with diplomatic way. Democracy has been developed, and the first country which used it is the United States. Everyone believes this age will bring peace. But we see the reality competing cultures use was to resolve problems or a hegemonic power laid down the rules, and after the 9/11 tragedy, globalization become insecure. These example show us that globalization won’t bring us peace.

In conclusion, we look at globalization as new but it won’t bring peace. But there are some positive and negative effects from globalization.

Peters, R. (2005, May 23). Myths of globalization. USA Today. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, August 23, 2005.